Manhattan: Civic Center/
Federal Plaza, Lafayette and Worth Sts.
For over eight years, this space was dominated by Tilted Arc, Richard Serra's site-specific curving wall of steel. The 120 x 12 foot sculpture was installed as part of the federal government's Arts in Architecture program, which reserved .5% of a federal building project's budget for art. Although the work fufilled Serra's mission to redefine the viewer's relationship with the plaza, many saw it as an overbearing encroachment. A public hearing in 1989 led to the sculpture's removal and a reclaiming of the space by people.